ADHD: Myths and Facts
Tuesday, October 16, 2012
This week is ADHD Awareness Week in Canada and we are joining in to help raise awareness of this common, but often misunderstood, mental disorder. Roughly 1 million people in Canada are affected by this condition and the lack of understanding about the disorder causes many people and their families to be stigmatized and traumatized.
Get informed about ADHD with these quick facts provided by the Centre For ADHD Awareness Canada:
MYTH: ADHD is not real.
FACT: ADHD is a neurobiological disorder linked to issues with the neurotransmitters in the brain, due to a lack of dopamine and/ or norepinephrine. It is most often inherited. ADHD is recognized by all of the major medical associations and government health agencies due to overwhelming scientific evidence.
MYTH: ADHD occurs only in boys who outgrow it in adolescence.
FACT: ADHD conservatively occurs in 5% of children: 80% maintain the diagnosis into adolescence, with at least 60% affected by core symptoms in adulthood. Research shows that at least 4% of adults worldwide have ADHD. While three times as many boys are diagnosed with ADHD in childhood, we now know that we are most likely misdiagnosing, or missing to diagnose, the girls who tend to be less hyperactive because incident rates are almost equal between men and women in adulthood.
MYTH: ADHD is over diagnosed because everyone has difficulty paying attention and being restless sometimes.
FACT: Diagnosis is a complex process. Although many people may exhibit some of the symptoms some of the time, the symptoms must be considered an impairment to daily functioning, and be recognized in more than one setting, for a diagnosis to occur. Since there are three subcategories of ADHD you do not need to be hyperactive to have ADHD.
MYTH: ADHD is caused by bad parenting, lazy teachers, and eating too much sugar or food additives.
FACT: Parenting and teaching styles do not cause ADHD. When a child acts impulsively, fidgets, cannot remember routines, and is distracted, it is not because they have not been taught to do otherwise, it is a symptom of the disorder. Diets and limiting food additives and sugar will not cure ADHD.
MYTH: People with ADHD simply don’t want to focus or complete tasks that they don’t enjoy.
FACT: ADHD is a problem with the regulation of attention, not just inattention. People may misconstrue the ability of someone with ADHD to “hyperfocus” on a highly stimulating task (like a video game) for hours as an example that the person can focus, but lacks willpower. Being unable to break or prioritize focus is a core symptom of ADHD.
MYTH: Teachers, doctors and parents just want to medicate children to make them easier to manage.
FACT: Treatment for ADHD should always be multi-modal. First and foremost, it must include education of the child’s caregivers, and the child and adult themselves, on what ADHD is and how it impacts them. Learning accommodations are required; coaching or counseling may be helpful to teach management strategies. Research indicates that medication can be beneficial, but is not always required.
MYTH: Taking ADHD medication increases a child’s risk of future drug abuse.
FACT: Research has shown that people with ADHD who take medication may actually have lower rates of substance abuse than people with ADHD who don’t receive treatment. Those with untreated ADHD may turn to substance abuse as a form of self medication.
MYTH: ADHD is not a big deal.
FACT: Children with untreated ADHD are at a greater risk for: problems with learning resulting in academic difficulties (3-fold risk for high school dropout); low self-esteem; substance abuse; sustaining injuries and having accidents (2-fold increased risk of injuries, particularly head injuries/fractures, and 2- to 4-fold risk of motor vehicle accidents as a driver); developing other mental health problems (i.e. depression, anxiety); family dysfunction; and decreased likelihood of full-time employment and lower household income when they grow up.